Here’s a super easy craft that you can make with your kids that also allows for some science exploration. I call these Mayflower Boats because we made them during Thanksgiving, but really you could adapt this for anytime of the year. There are SO many ways you can use these little boats and so much learning to be had. I had a chance to do this with my son’s class and the kids had a BLAST! So grab a few supplies and let the kids busy themselves while you get some of that Thanksgiving cooking done!
Materials Needed per boat:
- 2-3 wine corks (If you are a parent, I’m SURE you can easily go through a bottle or 2 of wine on those “trying” days!)
- 1 rubber band
- coffee stirrer, wooden skewer, or craft stick
- paper, cardstock or foam sheet to make the sails
- Bin with water (we added blue water color for fun)
To make the Boat:
Place a rubber band around 2 to 3 pieces of cork to make the base of the raft.
Using white paper, card stock or foam sheets, cut out sails to make it look like the Mayflower (for Thanksgiving) or any shape you want at other times of the year. Attach them to the mast with glue. Allow the glue to dry.
Add a a craft stick or coffee stirrer to create the mast. We just tucked ours in between 2 pieces of cork but you could certainly use a wooden skewer to stick it into the cork to make it more secure.
Voila! There’s your little Mayflower boat. Now it’s time for some science exploration!
To explore with the boats:
We talked briefly about the pilgrims who journeyed across the ocean from England to America on the Mayflower. I told them that our boats represented the Mayflower and the Bin with water represented the ocean that they traveled across. (You can totally omit this for a non-Thanksgiving lesson)
I then gave each child their own bin with blue water (yes, I added blue watercolor because colors make everything more fun!) and had them place their boats in and explore.
Immediately the kids used their hands to make waves, dropped their boats from up high and watch them splash in the water and still float. Some noticed that their boats floated upside down.
Then I gave them straws to blow on the sails to make the boats move. What i didn’t anticipate (and I obviously should have) was that the kids put the straws in the water and started blowing bubbles because “bubbles make waves happen”, according to one little guy.
Oh the storms and waves and hurricanes that they created. And loads of splashing and giggling.
Since we are in the middle of a sever drought in California, we weren’t able to use water and rain gutters to do races and explore the effect of an incline on the speed of the boats. But that would be a fantastic extension for this activity!
You could also have the kids race their boats across a large tub of water, in the bathtub or in a small wading pool. Again, due to our drought, none of these were possible for the class.
Science behind the activity and Extensions:
This activity is great for investigating and exploring. “What happens if I…?” is the best part of this activity. By blowing on the sails, the kids can see how the wind can “push” a boat along. For older kids, you can certainly introduce Newton’s Laws of motion to explain how the boat moves. You can even introduce simple weather concepts and see how they affect the movement of the boat from a windstorm to waves to whirpools, etc… There are so many extensions for this activity. Encourage your kids to test out different materials for the boat (craft sticks, styrofoam, plastic cups, clay, etc…) or different materials for the sails (paper, foam, felt, etc…).
For more details and to see where I got my ideas from click on the 2 links below. I merged the 2 activities together to create this one.